Dr Heike Schroeder is a senior lecturer in climate change and international development at the School of International Development, University of East Anglia, where she is analyzing global environmental politics and forest governance, in particular the role of non-nation state actors in the current post-2012 negotiating process on avoiding deforestation (REDD). She is also a Tyndall Senior Research Associate and coordinator of the governance theme in the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. Until May 2011 she was a James Martin Senior Research Fellow in the Forest Governance Group of the Oxford Centre for Tropical Forests at the Environmental Change Institute.
Since 2008, Heike has been a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the new long-term international research project on Earth System Governance under the auspices of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP).
From 2003 to 2007, Heike was a researcher at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, as well as the Executive Officer of a 10-year international research project on the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (IDGEC), a core project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP). The IDGEC project examined the roles institutions play in the human/environment interface. The project’s findings are documented in the book Institutions and Environmental Change, edited by Young, King, and Schroeder (MIT Press).
Heike holds a PhD from the Free University of Berlin (2003) in political science, an MA from Bonn University (2000) in political science, economics and Japanese studies, and a BA from the University of East Anglia (1996) in Contemporary European Studies. She was awarded a DAAD/Monbusho scholarship (2000-02) to conduct doctoral research at the University of Tokyo and a Bonn University Exchange Scholarship (1994/95) for a year abroad at the University of East Anglia.
Heike has taught on governance and climate policy in the Oxford University’s MSc in Environmental Change and Management and at the undergraduate level, as well as at the University of California Santa Barbara, the Free University of Berlin, the Technical University of Dresden and Bonn University, and has worked at the UNFCCC Secretariat, the United Nations University in Tokyo, the IHDP in Bonn and the European Parliament in Brussels.
Heike’s research interest lies in understanding how national boundaries can be bridged to solve trans-national or global environmental problems, and how local, national, and international levels of jurisdiction differ in their abilities to solve such problems.
At the core of her work lies a focus on how institutions – sets of rights, rules and decision-making procedures – matter in causing and addressing problems arising from human/environment interactions (Young, King and Schroeder 2008) and how traditional government practices are often ill-equipped to meet the challenges from large-scale environmental change. It requires a system of governance that transcends national boundaries, links different levels of governance and enables traditional and non-traditional policy actors to play their parts. This new earth system governance approach emphasises the interrelated and increasingly integrated system of formal and informal rules, rule-making systems and actor networks at all levels of governance that are set up to steer societies towards preventing, mitigating and adapting to global environmental change (Biermann et al.2009; 2010a; 2010b).
Operationalising REDD+: actors, interests and ideas
This project includes both analysis of the international REDD+ negotiations and field work on local REDD+ projects. It addresses the changing positions and strategies of international environmental NGOs on REDD+; making sense of who influenced the broadening of REDD to include forest management and conservation activities under REDD+; the design of social safeguards; and multilevel governance of REDD+ in practice.
The role of non-state actors in the UNFCCC negotiations
This project investigates how civil society participation in the climate negotiations is being managed, and what impact non-state actors have through being on national delegations. It also addresses how side events function as a marketplace of ideas and how they get diffused into the formal negotiations, exemplified by the case of REDD+.
Urban climate governance
This project argues for an expansion of the urban climate change research agenda to include an examination of the drivers of emerging partnerships and for theorizing the emerging role of SMEs in the wider context of non-state actors. It theorizes SMEs as agents of change in the multi-level governance of climate change, and cities as niche spaces in which sustainable development paths might be explored. Using the cases of Metro Vancouver, Canada, and London, UK, the project examines the drivers of emerging partnerships between various levels of government and small businesses in the interests of climate change mitigation.
Books and Special Issues
- Schroeder, H., Burch, S. and Rayner, S. (guest eds.) (forthcoming) Novel Multi-sector Networks and Entrepreneurship in Urban Climate Governance. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy.
- Corbera, E., Schroeder, H. and Springate-Baginski, O. (guest eds.) (2011) REDD+ Governance and Implementation. Environmental Science and Policy, 12(2).
- Biermann, F., Betsill, M., Gupta, J., Kanie, N., Lebel, L., Liverman, D., Schroeder, H., and Siebenhuener, B. (2009) Earth System Governance: People, Places, and the Planet. Science and Implementation Plan of the Earth System Governance Project. Earth System Governance Report 1, IHDP Report 20. Bonn, IHDP.
- Young, O.R., King, L.A. and Schroeder, H. (eds.) (2008) Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications, and Research Frontiers. MIT Press. 400 pp. ISBN-13: 978-0-262-74033-3.
- Schroeder, H. (2001) Negotiating the Kyoto Protocol: An analysis of negotiation dynamics in international negotiations. Münster: LIT Verlag. 336 pp. ISBN-13: 978-3825854461.
- Bulkeley, H. and Schroeder, H. (forthcoming) Beyond State/Non-State Divides: Global Cities and the Governing of Climate Change. European Journal of International Relations.
- Schroeder, H. and Lovell, H. (forthcoming) The role of non-nation state actors and side events in the international climate negotiations. Climate Policy.
- Doherty, E. and Schroeder, H. (forthcoming) Forest tenure and multi-level governance in avoiding deforestation under REDD. Global Environmental Politics.
- Corbera, E. and Schroeder, H. (2011) Governing and implementing REDD+.Environmental Science and Policy, 12(2): 89-100.
- New, M., Liverman, D., Schroeder, H. and Anderson, K. (2011) Four degrees and beyond: the potential for a global temperature increase of four degrees and its implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 369(1934): 6-19.
- Biermann, F., Betsill, M., Gupta, J., Kanie, N., Lebel, L., Liverman, D., Schroeder, H. and Siebenhuener, B. (2010) Earth System Governance: Navigating the Anthropocene.International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 10(4): 277-298.
- Schroeder, H. (2010) Agency in International Climate Negotiations: The case of indigenous peoples and avoided deforestation. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 10(4): 317-332.
- Chu, S.Y., and Schroeder, H. (2010) Private governance of climate change in Hong Kong: an analysis of drivers and barriers to corporate action. Asian Studies Review, 34(3): 287-308.
- Biermann, F., Betsill, M., Camargo Vieira, S., Gupta, J., Kanie, N., Lebel, L., Liverman, D., Schroeder, H., Siebenhuener, B., Yanda, P.Z. and Zondervan, R. (2010) Navigating the anthropocene: the Earth System Governance Project strategy paper. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2(3): 202-208.
- Lovell, H. and Schroeder, H. (2010) Carbon standards and non-nation-state actors.Exploration and Production – Oil and Gas Review, 8(1): 14-15.
- Schroeder, H. and Bulkeley, H. (2009) Global cities and the governance of climate change: what is the role of law in cities? Fordham Urban Law Journal, 36(2): 313-359.
- Okereke, C. and Schroeder, H. (2009) How can the objectives of justice, development and climate change mitigation be reconciled in the treatment of developing countries in a post-Kyoto settlement? Climate and Development, 1(1): 10-15.
- Reprinted as Okereke, C. and Schroeder, H. (2010) Africa in a Post-Copenhagen Climate Accord. In, Agyeman-Duah, I. (ed.) Pilgrims of the Night: Development Challenges and Opportunities in Africa. Ayebia Clarke, Banbury, pp. 41-51.
- Schroeder, H. (2009) Leuchtkraft in Gefahr: Staedtische Energieversorgung. Politische Oekologie, 114: 28-30.
- Okereke, C., Bulkeley, H. and Schroeder, H. (2009) Conceptualizing climate governance beyond the international regime. Global Environmental Politics, 9(1): 58-78.
- Young, O.R., Lambin, E., Alcock, F., Haberl, H., Karlsson, S., McConnell, W., Myint, T., Pahl-Wostl, C., Polsky, C., Ramakrishnan, P.S., Schroeder, H., Scouvart, M., and Verburg, P. (2006) A portfolio approach to analyzing complex human-environment interactions: institutions and land change. Ecology and Society, 11(2): 31.
- Hirono, R. and Schroeder, H. (2004) The road to and from the Kyoto Protocol: the perspectives of Germany and Japan. International Review for Environmental Strategies, 5(1).
- Schroeder, H. (2004) The Japanese Top Runner Approach. (in German) Ökologisches Wirtschaften, 3-4.
- Schroeder, H., Li, J., Bulkeley, H., Barbier, C., Zhao, J., Columbier, M., Chu, S.Y., and Ghosh, S. (forthcoming) Enabling the transition to a low carbon climate resilient economy in Asian cities: drivers, barriers and solutions. In, Srinivasan, A., Ling, F., Nishioka, S. and H. Mori (eds.) Transition to Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Economies in Asia: Challenges and Opportunities.
- Bulkeley, H., Schroeder, H., Janda, K., Zhao, J., Armstrong, A., Chu, S. and Ghosh, S. (2011) The role of institutions, governance and planning for mitigation and adaptation by cities. In, Hoornweg, D., Frire, M., Lee, M., Bhada, P. and Yuen, B (eds.) Cities and Climate Change: responding to an urgent agenda, The World Bank; Washington, DC, pp. 68-88.
- Schroeder, H. (2010) The history of international climate change politics: three decades of progress, process and procrastination. In, Boykoff, M. (ed.) The Politics of Climate Change: A Survey. Routledge.
- Schroeder, H., King, L.A. and Tay, S. (2008) Contributing to the science-policy interface: policy relevance of findings on the institutional dimensions of global environmental change. In, Young, O.R., King, L.A. and H. Schroeder (eds.) Institutions and Environmental Change: Principal Findings, Applications, and Research Frontiers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Schroeder, H. (2008) Analyzing biosafety and trade through the lens of institutional interplay. In, Young, O.R., Chambers, W.B., Kim, J.A. and C. ten Have (eds.)Institutional interplay: the case of biosafety. Tokyo: UNU Press.
- Schroeder, H. and Yocum, D. (2006) Vulnerability, resilience, and adaptation: response mechanisms in an environmental emergency – the Asia Tsunami in Thailand and Hurricane Katrina in the United States. In, Simeonov, L. and E. Chirila (eds.) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
- Schroeder, H. and Yocum, D. (2006) European institutions for controlling chemical air pollution: an analysis of CLRTAP – European Union interplay. In, Simeonov, L. and E. Chirila (eds.) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
- Schroeder, H. (2006) The Donald Bren School of Environmental Science and Management. (in German) In, Altner, G., Leitschuh-Fecht, H., Michelsen, G., Simonis, U.E., and E.U. von Weizsaecker (eds.) Jahrbuch Ökologie 2007. Munich: Verlag, C.H. Beck.
- Schroeder, H. (2004) Japan’s contribution to international climate policy. (in German) In, Pohl, M. and I. Wieczorek (eds.) Japan 2004. Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde.
- Schroeder, H. (contributing writer) (1999) The Americas. In, Julian G.B. and J.R. Gagain Jr. (eds.) A Guide to Delegate Preparation 1999-2000, Model United Nations. New York: United Nations Association of the United States of America.
Working papers and other publications
- Schroeder, H. (forthcoming, 2011) Climate change mitigation in Los Angeles, US. Unpublished case study prepared for the Global Report on Human Settlements 2011.
- Bulkeley, H. and Schroeder, H. (2009) Governing Climate Change Post-2012: The Role of Global Cities – Melboune. Tyndall Working Paper.
- Bulkeley, H., Schroeder, H., Janda, K., Zhao, J., Armstrong, A., Chu, S.Y. and Ghosh, S. (2009) Cities and Climate Change: The role of institutions, governance and urban planning. Report prepared for the World Bank Urban Symposium on Climate Change.
- Schroeder, H. and Bulkeley, H. (2008) Governing Climate Change Post-2012: The Role of Global Cities, Case-Study: Los Angeles. Tyndall Working Paper, 122.
- Bulkeley, H. and Schroeder, H. (2008) Governing Climate Change Post-2012: The Role of Global Cities – London. Tyndall Working Paper, 123.
- Young, O.R. with contributions by others, edited by Schroeder, H. (2005) Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (IDGEC) Science Plan, 3rd edition. Bonn: IHDP.
- Schroeder, H. (2003) From Dusk to Dawn: Climate Change Policy in Japan. Ph.D. Dissertation, Free University of Berlin.
- Barrett, B., Chambers, W.B. and Schroeder, H. (2001) Perceptions of Science and Politics in the UNFCCC Process: Delegates at COP3 and COP4. UNU/IAS EMD Series No. 8, United Nations University’s Institute for Advanced Studies, Tokyo.
- Paoletto, G. and Schroeder, H. (1997) Enhancing Participation of NGOs in the FCCC Process. GEIC Paper Series, Global Environment Information Center Tokyo, October 1997.