Leopoldo C. Gerhardinger is a post-doc researcher at Oceanographic Institute – University of São Paulo. He holds a Ph.D. in Environment and Society at the Centre for Environmental Studies (NEPAM), University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Brazil. He holds a B.Sc. in Oceanography (Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil – 2004) and a M.Sc. in Conservation (University College London – 2008).

General research interests range from marine ecology and ethnoecology to, most recently, the theory and practice of Ocean governance. Actively involved in building knowledge networks across coastal Brazil, using web-based social media tools and cross-disciplinary facilitation approaches to advance new types of voluntary engagement for improved governability of emerging oceans issues.

As a research fellow for the Earth System Governance project, he is currently engaged in the development of the project’s task force on Ocean. This includes supporting the progressive coalescing of existing Brazilian coastal-marine networks into a novel transformative knowledge network – the Brazilian Future Ocean Panel (PainelMar). His current post-doc research project is entitled “Coordination of knowledge-networks for the co-evolution of Brazilian polycentric ocean governance systems”.

Selected Publication:


  • Gerhardinger, L. C.; Carvalho, F.G.; Haak, L.; Herbst, D.F.; Poderoso, R.A. 2018. Planning blues: Tenure rights fade under unjust ‘blue planning’. SAMUDRA REPORT, v. 78, p.42-45. Available here.
  • Gerhardinger L.C.; Gorris, P.; Gonçalves L.R.; Herbst D.F.; Vila-Nova D.A.; De Carvalho F.G.; Glaser M.; Zondervan R.; Glavovic B.C. 2018. Healing Brazil’s Blue Amazon: The role of knowledge networks in nurturing cross-scale transformations at the frontlines of ocean sustainability. Frontiers in Marine Science. v4, article 395, doi: 0.3389/fmars.2017.00395. Available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2017.00395        ​


  • Gerhardinger, L. C.; Mesquita, B.; Mattos, S.M.G. de; Mendonça, J.T.; Vila-Nova, D.; Bossolani, A.; Scherer, R. 2017. Small Scale Fisheries in Brazil: A Strong, Cohesive Voice. SAMUDRA REPORT, v. 76, p. 39-44.    ​
  • Zapelini, C.; Giglio, V.J.; Carvalho, R.C.; Bender, M.G.; Gerhardinger, L.C.. 2017. Assessing Fishing Experts’ Knowledge to Improve Conservation Strategies for an Endangered Grouper in the Southwestern Atlantic. Journal of Ethnobiology, v. 37, p. 478-493.    ​


  • Ternes, M.L.F.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; Schiavetti, A. 2016. Seahorses in focus: local ecological knowledge of seahorse-watching operators in a tropical estuary. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , v. 12, p. 52.
  • Giglio, V.J.; Luiz, O.J.; Reis, M.S.; Gerhardinger, L.C. 2016. Memories of sawfish fisheries in a southwestern Atlantic estuary. Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin, v. 36, p. 28, 2016.    ​


  • Gerhardinger, L.C; de Castro, F.; Seixas, C.S. (2015) Scaling-up small-scale fisheries governability through Marine Protected Areas in Southern Brazil. In: Governing the Governance of Small-Scale Fisheries (Eds: Jentoft, S.; Chuenpagdee, R.). Springer Verlag, Amsterdam.    ​
  • Gorris, P.; Glaser, M.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; Ferreira, B.P. 2015. Exploring strengths and weaknesses of regional marine protected area governance using a network approach: A case study from north-eastern Brazil. In: Philipp Gorris. (Org.). Entangled? Linking governance systems for regional-scale coral reef management: Analysis of case studies in Brazil and Indonesia. 1ed.: IRC-Library, Information Resource Center der Jacobs University Bremen, 2015, v. 1, p. 195-227.    ​
  • Pinheiro, H T. ; Di Dario, F.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; De Melo, M.R.S.; De Moura, R.L.; Reis, R.E.; Vieira, F.; Zuaznon, J.; Rocha, L.A. 2015. Brazilian aquatic biodiversity in peril. Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 350, p. 1043-1044.    ​
  • Giglio, V.J.; Luiz-Junior, O.; Gerhardinger, L.C. (2015). Depletion of marine megafauna and shifting baselines among artisanal fishers in eastern Brazil. Animal Conservation, doi:10.1111/acv.12178.    ​
  • Rodrigues, R.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; Chamy, P.; Seixas, C.S. (2015). Governança dos oceanos na Rio+20: o debate sobre áreas marinhas protegidas na perspectiva da gestão compartilhada [Ocean governance at Rio+20: the debate on marine protected areas from a collaborative management perspective]. In: Governança Ambiental no Brasil: Entre o Socioambientalismo e a Economia Verde [Environmental Governance in Brazil: Between the Social-environmentalism and the Green Economy] (Eds: de Castro, F.; Futemma, C.). Campinas.    ​


  • Gerhardinger, L.C.; Martins, G.C.; Moreira, A.P.T.; Curti, C.; Seixas, Cristiana. S. (2014). Socioecological resilience at Céu do Patriarca Ecovillage – South Brazil. Part II (Emerging Ecocultures), Chapter 8. In: (Bohm, S.; Pervez, Z.; Pretty, J.) Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities. Earthscan, Routledge. University of Essex, 295pp.    ​
  • Gerhardinger, L.C; Gonçalves, L.; Motta, F.S.; Schneider, S.; Carvalho, F.G.; Vila-Nova, D. (2014). Setting and Implementing a Programmatic Agenda for Coastal-Marine Networks in Brazil. In:(Eds: McConney, P., Medeiros, R.P., Pena, M. (2014)) Enhancing Stewardship in Small-Scale Fisheries: Practices and Perspectives. CERMES Technical Report No. 73 Special Edition.    ​
  • Giglio, V.J.; Alves, J.A.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; Carvalho, F.C; Daros, F.A; Bertoncini, A.A. (2014). Habitat use and abundance of goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822) (Perciformes: Serranidae) in Brazil: a participative survey. Neotropical Ichthyology, 12(4):803-810, doi:10.1590/1982-0224-(2013)0166    ​
  • Gerhardinger, L.C. & Herbst, D.F. 2014. Book Review: Centering Animals in Latin American History (Eds. Few, M; Tortorici, Z.). European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 91:141-168
  • Gerhardinger, L.C.; Andrade, J.; Aziz, J.; Gandini, F.; Gonzaga, N.; Lianza, S.; Mesquita, B.; Raseira, M.; Schärer, R. Mendonça, J.T. (2014). Building a national network in support of artisanal fisheries in Brazil. Presented at the 2nd World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress. Merida, Mexico, 21-26 September 2014.    ​
  • Muller, M.N.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; de Lamboy, C.; Ummus, R. 2014. A call for a continued Future Ocean Dialogue – From Science to Society. Workshop white-paper, Oceanographic Institute – University of São Paulo (November/2014).


  • Gerhardinger, L.C.; Carvalho, F.G. (2013). Crise no sistema de governança costeira-marinha catarinense: reflexões sobre o licenciamento ambiental e o papel dos cientistas [Crisis in Santa Catarina state coastal-marine governance: reflections about environmental licensing and the role of scientists]. Reconstruindo paisagens: desafios  sócio-espaciais para  a Grande Florianópolis [Rebuilding landscapes: social-spatial challenges for the Florianópolis metropolitan area]. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. 405pg    ​
  • Zondervan, R.; Gerhardinger, L.C.; Noronha, I.T.; Spalding, M.; Young, O. (2013). Ocean Governance in the Anthropocene. Global Change, v. October, p.24    ​
  • Macedo, H.; Vivacqua, M.; Castro-Lima, H; Gerhardinger, L.C. (2013). Governing wide coastal-marine protected territories: a governance analysis of the Baleia Franca Environmental Protection Area in South Brazil. Marine Policy, 41:118-125    ​    ​


  • Gerhardinger, L.C.; Godoy, E.A.S.; Jones, P.J.S.; Sales, G.; Ferreira, B.P. (2011). Marine Protected Dramas: The Flaws of the Brazilian National System of Marine Protected Areas. Environmental Management, 47:630–643.    ​
  • Gerhardinger LC, Inui R, Matarezi J, Hansen C, and Vivacqua M. (2011). Pirajubaé Marine Extractive Reserve – governance analysis. Pages 194- 205 in PJS Jones, W Qiu and EM De Santo (Eds) Governing Marine Protected Areas: getting the balance right – Volume 2. Technical Report to Marine & Coastal Ecosystems Branch, UNEP, Nairobi.    ​
  • Gerhardinger, L.C.; Borgonha, M.; Bertoncini, A.A (Org.). (2011). Memórias do Mar: Biodiversidade, Conservação e Cultura no Litoral Brasileiro [Sea Memories: Biodiversity, Conservation and Culture in the Brazilian Littoral]. Ecomares.