Professor Bai joined ANU in 2011, as a professor in Urban Environment and Human Ecology at the Fenner School of Environment and Society. Prio to ANU, she was a Senior Principal Research Scientist at CSIRO, and senior researcher at environment and ecology research institutes in Japan. She is an Adjunct Professor at Beijing Normal University.
Professor Bai’s research focuses on several frontiers of urban sustainability science and policy, including drivers and consequence of urbanization, structure, function, processes and evolution of urban sociao-ecological systems, urban metabolism, urban sustainability experiments and transition, cities and climate change, and urban environmental policy and governance.
Professor Bai authored/co-authored over 100 publications, including three publications in Nature and Science. She served as a Lead Author for Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and a Lead Author for Global Energy Assessment, and is a Lead Author for IPBES Global Assessment. She delivered invited lectures/seminars at Harvard University, Peking University, Yale University, Stockholm Resilience Centre, United Nations University, University of Oslo, among others, and served as plenary speaker/panellist at many international conferences and science/policy forums.
Professor Bai is an appointed member of the Science Committee of Future Earth where she is leading the development of Urban Knowledge Action Network, and a Council member of International Society of Industrial Ecology. She served as the Vice Chair of the Scientific Committee of the International Human Dimensional Program for Global Environmental Change (IHDP); Science Steering Committee of IHDP Industrial Transformation Core Project; National Academies (USA) Study Committee on Electricity from Renewables; and Steering Committee of US National Academies Sustainable Cities Initiative. She serves on the Editorial Board of Current Opinion on Environmental Sustainability; Sustainability Science; Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainability; Computer, Environment and Urban Systems; Ecosystem Health and Sustainability; Urbanization; International Journal of Sustainable Cities and Society.