Calum is a researcher at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, where he is a member of the Land Use Change Research Group. His work focuses on the interactions between climatic, social, demographic and environmental change, mainly using process-based models of socio-ecological dynamics. His background is in forest ecology and he retains a particularly strong interest in tropical rainforest ecology. Generally, he uses modelling and statistical techniques to investigate the behaviour of human and natural systems, in order to understand how they might respond to drivers of change and how these responses can be managed to maintain socio-ecological functions and resilience. His current projects focus on adaptations in the European agriculture and forestry sectors, and the conservation of biodiverse forests and panda habitats in China.