Brazilian, B.A. in Public Administration, M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science. Currently Coordinator and Professor of the MBA Programs on Environmental Management of the Getulio Vargas Foundation, Coordinator of NAPSA-Social and Environmental Analysis Group, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Visiting Professor of the Doctoral Program on Environment and Society of the State University of Campinas, in São Paulo. Former Chair and Vice-Chair of the Scientific Committee of the IHDP-International Program on Human Dimensions of Global Change Between 1983 and 2006 was a Staff Member of the United Nations, having served, among others, at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean in Santiago, Chile. His last position before returning to Brazil in 2007 was Chief of Social and Policy Analysis at the UN Headquarters in New York. Having acted as Technical Coordinator of all UN International Conferences on the Environment (Rio-92, Rio+5, Johannesburg-2002), is the author also of over 200 publications in 20 countries on political development and the formulation of social and environmental policies, including The Ecopolitics of Development in The Third World (winner of international awards, including best book published in 1991 on International Environmental Politics, and Outstanding Academic Book of 1991), and The Inequality Predicament (submitted to the UN General Assembly as the 2005 Report on the World Social Situation).