Virginia Haufler is a tenured faculty member in the Department of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland College Park. She is Director of the Global Communities Living-Learning Program, an undergraduate global studies program within the University. She is an affiliate of the UM Center for International Development and Conflict Management, and a member of the Faculty Advisory Board for the Center for the Study of Business Ethics, Regulation and Crime at the University.

She has published widely on global governance, transnational regulation of corporations, private authority, and corporate social responsibility. Her current research focuses on the extractive sector and the global management of conflict and sustainability. She has been a Visiting Fellow at University College London, University of California Irvine, the USC Center on Public Diplomacy, the National University of Singapore, Budapest University, and Nankai University.

She was a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace directing a project on the role of the private sector in international affairs. She is on the editorial board of the International Studies Review and Global Governance. She is on the Advisory Board for OEF Research, C-BERC, and the Sie Center Responsible Engagement project. She has served in the past as an advisor or consultant to non-profits and international organizations, including the UN Global Compact.