These are new concepts in the next generation ESG research framework, and are included to highlight the research frontiers in ESG: governing earth system transformations is increasingly about anticipating, imagining and governing the future. What are the challenges of such anticipatory governance?
We need to scrutinize processes of anticipation (foresight, scenarios, futuring): who governs these? How do they exercise governance effects? What and whose visions of the future do these anticipatory processes privilege and seek to realize? And what role does imagination play here?